Chess is one of the most popular strategy board games that has originated and evolved from an Indian ancient similar game. The objective of the game is to capture the King of the opponent player and giving him a Checkmate.
If you are interested to know more about the game of Chess, then here is how to play Chess, Chess game rules, and more.
· Chess Board Game Objective – The aim of Chess is to capture or “check” the opponent’s king, backing him into a corner with no option of escape.
· Total Number of Players – 2 players
· Game Materials – A chessboard, 32 chess pieces
· Game Type – Strategy Board Game
· Game Audience – All Ages
How to Set up
The Chess game requires a Chess game board with 64 squares. Both the players get 16 pieces each that include –
· Pawns – 8
· Knights – 2
· Bishops – 2
· Rooks – 2
· Queen – 1
· King – 1
The pieces of each player are lined up on the opposite sides on the board in two lines. The first line on the inner side is the line of defense and the last or the outer row is lined with the pieces – 2 Rooks at the corner, 2 Knights next to them, then Bishops. Next, the queen is placed and beside it the King. The queen is placed such that the White queen is on the white/lighter shaded box and the Black queen is placed on the black/dark shaded box.
How to Play
The player with the White set of pieces goes first. Hence, before beginning the game setup, the players have to decide on a fair way to see who goes first. One of the most common ways to decide the which player gets the White pieces is by taking a white and a black pawn and jumbling them up. Then the opponent player will randomly select one pawn. Or if the players wish to play more than one round of the game, then they can alternately pick the white pieces for a fair game.
How to Move Pieces
As the appearances of the pieces are different, so are their moves. All the different pieces move in a different pattern. No pieces except for the Knight can move through other pieces. But your pieces can move to the opponent’s piece and capture them.
The main motive behind moving pieces is to capture the opponent’s pieces or defending your own pieces. There can also be other strategic reasons behind moving pieces.
A pawn moves 2 spaces in their first move but later on they can move only 1 space. Pawns can move only forward until they are in a position to capture. Pawns capture only those pieces that are 1 square diagonally in front of them.
Pawns cannot move backwards. Neither can they capture backwards. Pawns cannot move if there is a piece directly at their front. Pawn is the only piece in the game that can be promoted.
If a Pawn reaches the other side of the board, it can be exchanged for any other piece. This is called as Promotion. Generally, the Pawn is exchanged with a Queen as the Queen is powerful.
Rooks can move vertically or horizontally across the board for any number of squares. However, they cannot move diagonally and cannot jump other pieces. But Rooks can capture the opponent’s pieces that they run into. They are a powerful piece and great for attack and defense.
Knights move in ‘L’ shapes two squares in one direction and one square more at 90 degrees angle. This is the only way they can move. Knights do not move Diagonally. They can jump over any piece that is in their way and can capture any piece that is in the square they land on.
Bishops move diagonally for any number of squares. A bishop has to stay on the square of the same color as that of its initial position.
The Queen is the most powerful of all the pieces in Chess game. The Queen can move in the ways both Rook and Bishop do. So basically, a queen can move vertically, horizontally as well as diagonally for any number of squares. A queen cannot move through pieces but can capture any piece it lands on.
Of all the pieces in the Chess game, the King is the most important one. The King can move only one square at a time but in any direction. However, the King cannot move itself directly into the Check.
Chess Game Rules – Castling
Castling is the most important rule of Chess that allows a player to get 2 things – the King’s Safety and introduction of Rook in the game. This can be done by a player at their turn when they move the King two spaces towards the corner and the rook to the right of the King. However, the below conditions have to be met for such a move –
· It has to be the King’s first move.
· It has to be the Rook’s first move.
· There should be nothing in between the Rook and the King.
· The King cannot be in check or pass-through check.
En Passant is a special move a pawn can make. As mentioned above, a Pawn can move 2 squares at their first move. So, when a pawn first moves it can move 2 squares rather than one. In case the pawn moves two squares forward and directly lands to the side of the opponent’s pawn, then the opponent has the chance to make a special move using their pawn and capture the pawn that has just moved alongside it.
In order to capture that pawn, the pawn moves to the space immediately behind their opponent’s pawn. The opponent has to make this move immediately or else it becomes illegal and they automatically lose the chance of capturing the pawn.
Check and Checkmate
These are the terms you might have heard along with chess a lot of times. To Checkmate the opponent’s King is the ultimate motive of Chess game. A checkmate happens when the king is in check, i.e., there is no way out for the King.
Here are the 3 ways in which a King can get out of Check –
· Capture the piece of threat for the King.
· Move King out of the way by moving it one space in any direction.
· Blocking the king with another one of the pieces. This trick works to block the opponents Bishop, Rook or Queen. However, note that it cannot work on the Knight as they can jump over pieces.
The Chess game rules say that a Chess game can end in a draw. Given below are some of the reasons how a chess game can end in a draw.
· In case of a Stalemate, when the King of player, having his turn, is not in Check but the player does not have any other legal moves to make.
· If there are not sufficient pieces on the board for a Checkmate.
· In case players choose to mutually stop the game. Any player can offer such a draw by saying – ‘I offer a draw’. The opponent can take as much time as they want to come to a decision. Once they agree verbally, they shake their hands. But, on the other hand, if they choose to move, then they can decline the offer. Just note that, it is impolite to ask the opponent to draw the game at their turn as this can distract them from their game.
That was it all about Chess, how to play chess and Chess game rules. I hope that the above guide made the game easier for you a little in understanding the basics. If you have any questions, just shoot them in the comments below and we will get back to you as soon as possible!